"In 1769 many international expeditions planned observations. The most famous expedition was led by Capt. James Cook, who set up an observation post in Tahiti with his ship,the
HMB Endeavour. The expedition astronomers, with help from a detachment of Royal Marines, set up an observatory on a high point of ground above the bay (still known as "Point Venus") and made many transit measurements. They later discovered New Zealand, got stuck on the Great Barrier Reef for several weeks, and explored many of the then unknown coasts of Australia. Cook and his crew completed their trip around the Earth and reached England safely and in triumph. The expedition established Cook's fame as a mariner and explorer."